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Executive summary

Key observations: Part 1 | Focus on the last 3 months: February 2024 to April 2024

  • The population of the Metropolitan Area of Port-au-Prince (ZMPP) dropped to under 3 million in April 2024. This is lower than during the 2020 COVID-19 restrictions, when about 50,000 people had left the ZMPP for more rural areas

  • 17,370 more people moved out of the ZMPP than into from February to April 2024. Main destinations: West department (Kenscoff, Gressier and Léogâne), Les Cayes, Jacmel and Cap Haitien

  • Since February 2024, relocations out of the ZMPP have been increasing while relocations into the ZMPP from the rest of the country have been decreasing.

  • Decreases in population within the ZMPP are in 1re Section Turgeau (Port-au-Prince), 10e Section Thor (Carrefour) and 3e Section Bellevue (Tabarre), but we observe increases in 1re Section St Martin (Delmas) and 2e Section Morne l'Hôpital (Port-au-Prince).

Key observations: Part 2 | Focus on the last 3 months: February 2024 to April 2024

  • The population of the Metropolitan Area of Port-au-Prince (ZMPP) has generally declined since January 2021 (by 71,970 people; 0.59% a year) due to internal mobility.

  • However, we’ve observed frequent back and forth movements between the ZMPP and the rest of the country since 2020 (+/- 1% of population), due to COVID-19 restrictions and then episodes of gang violence.

  • For the first time, in April 2024, the ZMPP population has dropped to under 3 million (2,998,020 people) - this is fewer people than during the 2020 COVID-19 restrictions.

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About this report

Authors & contributors

This report was authored by the Flowminder Foundation, by Galina Veres and Veronique Lefebvre, with the contribution of James Harrison, Sophie Delaporte and Zachary Strain-Fajth.

Galina Veres analysed, interpreted and co-wrote the report; Veronique Lefebvre directed the analysis and co-wrote the report; James Harrison produced the aggregates derived from CDR data; Sophie Delaporte supported with information product design, report writing, translation and data visualisation; and Zachary Strain-Fajth helped with report writing.

This study was made possible thanks to the anonymised (aggregated) mobile phone usage data provided by Digicel Haiti

Data privacy & governance

No personal data, such as an individual’s identity, demographics, location, contacts or movements, is made available to the government or any other third party at any time. All results produced by Flowminder are aggregated results (for example, subscriber density in a given municipality), which means that they do not contain any information about individual subscribers.

This data is fully anonymised. This approach complies with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (EU GDPR2016/679). Data is processed on a server installed behind the mobile network operator’s firewall in Haiti, and no personal data eaves the operator’s premises.

Data considerations

The estimates shown are our best current assessment of movements. However, there are a number of uncertainties. The information should be interpreted together with other available evidence.

Read the report (PDF) (in English)

For the version in French, please click here.

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